How water pollution affects wildlife

How do people pollute water?

The main source of water pollution is the oil. Annually more than 10 million tons of oil products flow into the water due to the collapse of oil carriers, accidents at the offshore oil fields, oil production from the seabed. Oil slick covers from 2% to 4% of the ocean water surface.

Oil floats on the sea currents and is washed to the shore. It is impossible to relax and swim in such resort areas. Animals and plants in the seas and oceans become extinct due to oil pollution.

The largest environmental disaster related to the oil pollution occurred in 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico. As a result of the explosion at the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling platform, 5 million barrels of oil ended up in the water. 1800 kilometers of coasts were polluted, white sandy beaches turned into black oil fields.

2010 year
5 000 000
barrels of oil got into the water

What about plastic?

Millions of tons of garbage are floating in the World ocean. Plastic is 80% of the total pollution.

According to the forecasts of the British Ellen MacArthur Foundation, by 2025, for every 3 kilos of fish in the World ocean we will have had 1 kilo of garbage. By 2050, the mass of waste will have been higher than the weight of all fish on Earth.

Plastic is dangerous because the sunlight breaks it into small particles. Fish and animals mistake them for food. Indigestible waste accumulates in the stomachs and interferes with the work of body systems. As a result, annally plastic waste kills tens of thousands of ocean inhabitants.

- 40%
The amount of drinking water per person has decreased
the amount of drinking water in the last 40 years

Effects of water pollution

The consumer attitude of mankind to the most valuable natural resource leads to global problems. One of the most serious is lack of fresh water.

The figures speak for themselves: over the past 40 years, the amount of drinking water per person has decreased by 60%.

Water pollution leads to the spread of serious diseases of mankind, such as cholera, typhus, as well as the extinction of entire species of animals that do not have access to clean drinking sources.

How can we reduce the pollution of the oceans?

The world community has been concerned about the problem of water pollution for a long time. Since the end of the last century, countries have been working non-stop to create effective measures to preserve the Oceans.

However, everyone is able to contribute to the prevention of ecological catastrophe. You can help nature if you give up using disposable plastic products. They can be replaced by reusable products from more environmentally friendly materials.