How soil pollution affects wildlife
How do we pollute the soil?
Types of earth pollution are divided into natural and anthropogenic.
The first arise without human intervention as a result of biological processes. In this case, the soil receives pollutants from other natural environment. For example, in the weathering of mountains, volcanoes, rainfall, sediments from the rivers.
Anthropogenic pollution occurs as a result of human activities. People pollute the soil with household waste, pesticides and fertilizers, heavy metals and exhaust gases.
Three dangerous metals
Heavy metals get into the soil from industrial enterprises. For example, the metallurgical industry is accompanied by the discharge of heavy metals salts,and engineering produces cyanides, arsenic and beryllium compounds. Lead, mercury and cadmium are the three most dangerous metals. Heavy metal pollution is dangerous because it accumulates in the bodies of humans and animals.
The growing number of vehicles increases emissions of nitrogen oxides, lead, and hydrocarbon. Once in the soil, these substances are involved in the cycle, which is associated with the food chain.
What pollutes soil?
In addition, transport significantly reduces the total area of land used, including fertile land. The process of soil erosion is accelerating, and it will take 100 years to restore the fertile layer 1 cm deep. Agricultural enterprises also pollute the soil. In order to protect plants from pests and increase yields, farmers use a variety of fertilizers, pesticides, some of them contain mercury and other heavy metals.
What pollutes soil?
For several decades, various pesticides have been used in agriculture to control pests and weeds. The greatest danger comes from persistent chemicals that can accumulate and remain in the soil for decades. Those are triazine, centresin, chlordane, heptachlor.
What pollutes soil?
Such substances get into the human body with food and drinking water, and cause irreparable harm to health. Pesticides accumulate in adipose tissue, some internal organs and a small percentage in human muscle mass. The most well-known effects of these poisons are asthma, infertility, malignant stomach and intestines tumors, bladder, liver, brain, chest and genital organs, underdevelopment of children and birth defects.
World Health Organization statistics
According to statistics from the World Health Organization, every year 25 million people fall ill due to excessive amounts of pesticides. About 500,000 humans are poisoned by these chemicals annually. 10% of people poisoned with pesticides die, and many of the survivors remain disabled or acquire chronic diseases.
People acquire pulmonary and bronchial diseases, liver disease (toxic hepatitis), diseases of the nervous system, their hormonal glands get suppressed and disrupted. Pesticides cause various types of allergies, diathesis and many skin diseases. Fatigue, lethargy and persistent headaches are signs of pesticide buildup in the body. Some of these toxic chemicals affect the genetic apparatus more than radiation.
How can you protect health from the effects of pesticides?
Along with the food and water such substances get into the human’s body and cause irreparable harm.
The pesticides accumulate in the fat tissue, organs and a small percentage in the muscles. The most common consequences of excessive pesticide consumption are asthma, infertility, stomach, bowel, bladder, liver, brain, breast and reproductive organs cancer, developmental delays and malformations.
Wash fruit and vegetables
Wash fruit and vegetables from the stores under running water using special brushes
Wipe the surface of washed products
Wipe the surface of washed products with disposable paper towels
Cut off the fruit peel
Cut off the fruit peel with the wax cover
Soak the greenery
Soak the greenery in water before use
Grill or steam food
Cook vegetables steamed or grilled